Togo Dirty Diesel Trafigura Shadow Cabinet: Barque / Adjakli. USA patrol but do not see traffic 15 KM from coast ?
Dossier: Managing black gold in Togo, the face of a defeat
International conspiracy of mafias in Turkey, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Iran, USA, France, Switzerland, Italy, Israel, Belgium, Netherlands …
Swiss, French, Arab and OFFSHORE places in large numbers participate in this organized brothel!
Dislodged from the sea in deep waters, the gods of oil move at the pump
If there is a part of Togolese public life that reflects a real opacity atypical to national management, it is indeed the management of petroleum products. The more time goes by, the more the truth emerges on managing the oil windfall. It is necessary to go beyond recent events to understand the behavior of the authorities vis-a-vis the black gold. We are therefore contributing to the partial result of a thorny investigation that we had carried out in the Togolese oil world to help you better understand the reality, the sad thing about oil news in Togo. Since Tuesday, February 28, 2017, the prices of petroleum products are actually rising at the pump. According to a government statement, this price increase is motivated by rising international prices. It looks like they have a different international environment than other countries. In the joint note by the ministers in charge of trade, economy and finance and then mines and energy, the Togolese authority believes that this increase is in line with the policy of price truth put in place. It is on this basis that the super unleaded will now be sold at 524 FCFA against 476 Francs previously, an increase of 48 CFA francs. The diesel, which cost 478 francs a liter, will be sold at 526 francs, an increase of 48 francs as well. The kerosene oil, which was 425 francs, will cost 468 CFA francs, an increase of 43 CFA francs. As for the two-stroke mix, it has increased by 44 francs and is now sold at 623 francs instead of 579 francs.
This rise in prices is only one month after the last increase of 27 January
The regime in place is sclerotic, it has lost all landmarks and sees only its nose in decision making. He can not carry the gans anymore, everything is upside down. Networks of interest have divided the national economy and each manages his share of the bequeathed to his liking. Whatever the methods, it is the benefit to be gained which justifies the means. The sector that furnishes the news these moments, is therefore the manipulation of black gold. All the acrobatics are good for that from importing to distribution through storage, the environment covered by black gold continues to be a » Nomansland » where interests jostle at the cost of the citizens’ work. A few months ago, a renowned Swiss NGO named « Public Eye » revealed an oil scandal in deep Togolese waters. Five months before the Swiss NGO’s report on the deepwater toxic oil scandal of our country, without going into details, our editor announced on « frequency 1 » that « the biggest part Of the petroleum products consumed in Togo is an adulterated cocktail, the fruit of a night traffic between the sea in deep water and the fishing port of the capital. But while we were struggling to find the means to bring this matter to a close, more imposing structures invested considerable energy in bringing the truth out of the sea through careful investigation. If our investigations have allowed us to plunge into the secrets of the brigandage of the economic life in the oil field, the world side of the traffic will remain unknown until the day when Public Eye decides to publish its report of 160 pages. The respectable non-governmental organization has done the job by publishing a report on the world side of an unprecedented traffic. The report was unequivocal. The hideous face of a scandalous trade, on a black sea with a few paddles of the Togolese coasts is unveiled. Hats off to the NGO. Although trafficking was taking place across Togo, it would have been better if the NGO’s experts visited Togo as they did in neighboring Ghana. Thus, from the Amsterdam-Rotterdam-Antwerp area, ARA, to the 8 African countries served, the international connections of the practice are unveiled. But the Togolese have remained on their thirst in relation to the Togolese face of the scandal.
Obviously, we are already taking enough risks to add and we are not among those who think that « a good journalist is a dead journalist ». However, with the latest developments in the price of petroleum products, we believe that it is high time to serve you with an aspect of a dossier with many unknowns. Diving in black watersThe Swiss report has therefore confirmed this information and we Encouraging them to complete the investigations even if everything is not to be published. We now know what Togolese decision-makers look like when they invite themselves into the juicy garden of black gold. In the land of patience, it is time that heals all evils. Since this deepwater scandal has been revealed, the tanker and other oil tankers that anchored on the 50 km of Togolese coasts are a little desirous. And opinion mistakenly believes that the scandal is over, no. In the Togolese case, the Swiss report, far from having cured the evil, could only move it from the sea to the mainland. Now in orbit, these traffickers no longer have a definite future in deep water seem to return to the mainland to keep their margin of maneuver in the oil activities. And that is what justifies the uncontrolled price increases on oil where we speak on behalf of the government without the government. In reality, it is a network that decides. A baron still active around the crown prince said, following recent events: « It was on WhatsApp that some ministers were informed of the new awards. » But you will be told officially that the government is the author of the awards. Obviously, since the deep sea is no longer a safe destination for traffic, activity is moving at the pump with another face, Essential is that profits fall. The network that manages oil has tasted the delights of black gold and is not ready to give in to anything. Moreover, it is no coincidence that it is in these times that the emblematic oil tanker » SHELL » is presently sent back from the Togolese territory. Its service stations are now devoid of its logos and distinctive marks and then managed under a transitional administration of one year by the traditional managers. After this transition, a society, very close to the ruling minority, will take over. Obviously, the traffic denounced by the NGO allowed Togolese importers to discover that it’s nice to ‘surf’ on the oil business. As a result, this oil tanker, who was not a breast and had gone almost all over the country, was dismissed. Perhaps tomorrow another will follow. The shareholders are already choosing to share the shares of SHELL. After the exploitation of mining resources, the port and other state-owned companies, black gold is still a prosperous area from where they can swallow the backs of populations without worry. They do it wonderfully thanks to the sickly silence of a population without great landmarks. It is in this context that we must understand the last two increases on petroleum products in Togo. In one month, two spectacular increases that nothing justifies. The international environmentIn the international plane we found no indication that justifies this increase contrary to the arguments put forward by the recent increase. It is based, indeed, a traditional unit of measurement dating from the nineteenth century, barrel. One barrel equals 159 liters. Although it is increasingly common for oil to be transported in bulk by oil pipelines, tankers or trains, this unit remains the commercial reference. Over the decades, crude oil prices have been subject to significant changes. From 1860 to 1940, oil prices fluctuated according to global upheavals, climbing during the First World War, declining during the 1929 crisis. Between 1948 and 1970, they remained relatively stable and low before entering a series Crises, called « oil shocks ». The « first oil shock » took shape in 1971 when the international financial system of Bretton Woods was abandoned. It intensified in 1973, during the Yom Kippur War, when the oil-producing states of the Arab world announced an embargo against the countries supporting Israel. In one year, the price of a barrel was multiplied by four. The Iranian revolution in 1978 and the Iran-Iraq war in 1980 caused the « second oil shock » with a doubling of the price. The « third oil shock » refers to an upward movement that began in 2003, driven by growing demand from new economies such as China, India and Brazil for a sample. In the summer of 2014, prices collapse, falling below the $ 50 mark.
When the year 2015 opens. The main cause is an excess supply fueled by the production of shale oil in the United States. Decided to defend its market share, Saudi Arabia maintains OPEC production levels. It intends to oblige American shale gas producers to reduce their own production. An « arm of iron » engages. The price of Brent crude fell below the $ 30 per barrel mark in January 2016, the lowest level since 2003. From February 2016, prices rose to $ 50 in June, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Qatar and Russia to freeze production. These downward movements have decreased investment. This risks mortgaging the availability of oil in the next few years and will in turn result in substantial price increases. In the meantime, oil prices are subject to geopolitics, decisions of producer countries, technological innovations that affect the financial performance of farms, and cycles of global economic activity. And consumers should normally continue to take advantage of the current situation pending this possible rise.It should be remembered that by mid-2016, while the barrel was trading at more than $ 130, for example, super unleaded was sold To more than 600 CFA francs at the pump in Togo. Nowadays, the barrel is less than $ 50 but the same super liter is at 524 at the pump, compare yourself. Pipeline drugsIn countries like ours, black gold has become the drug Of modern times. Thus, the instinct of conservation of the authorities in place leaves no chance to the struggle for the survival of the populations. Diplomacy works in full force to give a different image to the country, but from the sea to the continent, via gasoline distribution networks, the objectives are not identical from one social stratum to another. Of a leaded asset Image search result for « trafigura » We were in the 70s, the war of the Biafra still maintained the actuality. France establishes the CEAO, Economic Community of West Africa. It supports Ibo secessionists in Nigeria. Etienne Eyadema is already president of Togo and one of the few federal supporters of Yakubu Gowon. It serves as a strategic partner. Even the weapons passed through Lomé to Lagos. In the crowd, the one who will eventually baptize « the father of the Nation » sends Edem Kodjo to his Nigerian counterpart tried by the war. ECOWAS had to be created. The idea has germinated in Togo, it takes shape in Nigeria. The latter grouping will help Nigeria win the war against ODJOUKU. Among other provisions to encourage accession to ECOWAS and discourage CEAO, all Member States, starting with Togo, had unprecedented benefits in Nigerian oil wells. Among other things, member countries had a 90-day « supplier credit », that is, when they buy their oil from Nigeria, they had three months to pay after removing the barrels. The Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC) has received firm instructions to make largesse to ECOWAS member states. The CEAO is out of breath and eventually disappears after several resignations for the benefit of the newborn Eyadema-Yacubu Gowon. At the same time, the world had just emerged from the first oil crisis of 1973. The African states are taking measures to be safe from another crisis, so here is a windfall to seize. Togo is obliged to set up a refinery, counting, of course, on the Nigerian crude and the benefits associated with it. Togo was to refine Nigerian oil not only for domestic consumption but also for the benefit of the hinterland countries. A refinery, built at 11 billion CFA for an annual capacity of 1 million tons of crude is installed. Begun in 1974, the works will last 3 years. But the project does not seem to have thought well. In the opinion of the specialists to whom we have tended the microphone, a refinery is a heavy machine technically and financially speaking. When launched, it takes at least a month for all compartments to return to function. It is then necessary to make sure to have the crude-non-stop permanently, for at least 5 years before launching the machine. Stifled in the bud by diplomatic difficulties with Nigeria, excessive salaries of over-qualified and unqualified staff, state bankruptcy syndromes, the refinery only operated full-time from 1978 to 1981. One White elephant had just been born. In Nigeria, the lines are moving, presidents succeed one another in the midst of diplomatic clashes and the advantages accorded to ECOWAS members on Nigeria’s oil fall one after the other.
The only country that, without being a producer, relied on Nigerian crude to install a refinery will take a terrible blow. Our country no longer buys in Nigeria. But already we have debt of 16 billion CFA against the giant supplier. However, a first debt relief, following the cut of the cooperation with Togo, reduces the slate to 11 billion. Then a second, under Faure Gnassingbe, to 5 billion, but until a recent past nothing has always been done to erase this remaining debt. The unit processing black gold is, meanwhile, totally out of breath. But its tanks with a storage capacity of 240,000 m3 will become a coastal deposit leased to the oil tanker SHELL and followed initially by an interministerial commission. Half a billion dividends in the first year, the rent of the tanks managed by the interministerial commission generated a billion and a half when it was transformed into a mixed economy company. It includes the new management of Togolese investors, SHELL and the Togolese state. Who is behind this scabrous management which, although it has also demonstrated its limits from the first years, has resisted the vagaries? A few months ago, SHELL was removed from the management of the refinery tanks. We are made to understand that this is a strategic part of national life. It should be noted that, long run by SHELL, STSL is a coastal repository for several countries, while STE remains a deposit for the national need. Sea traffic that blocks any revival of the Lomé Raffinerie And at the beginning of 2009, a Nigerian company called « UNIGLOBAL » is opening up negotiations with Togo. The refinery found taker. It was to be rehabilitated, with Minister Damipi Noupokou of the Mines of Energy and Water advancing with the Nigerian based in Sierra Leone. He also pledged to erase the 5 billion of debt between Togo and his country. The oil business between Togo and the Nigerian producer had to resume. Togo could renew the supply to the neighbor and thus bring down prices when it is known that at some point, Togolese tankers get their supplies until Venezuela. But oil magnes prevent the Nigerian from reclaiming the refinery despite government backing. Their interests are elsewhere, perhaps on the sea. For crude oil products, the international market has three major supply clusters, London, New York and Singapore. But the finished products exist everywhere because the commercial policy is to approach more and more of the consumers. After the clash with Nigeria, Togolese oil tankers would have turned to Libya but after the departure of Gaddafi, they must have rubbed shoulders with the Arabic middle. Result of search of images for « trafigura » The worm in the fruit For the sake of transparency, In the light of international standards, a State can not be both supplier and price fixer. It is the oil companies that buy and the state fixes the prices taking into account the profit margins, the fluctuations of the barrel, the place of supply, the taxes and others. Normally, to fix prices, there are three main components to consider. There is the FOB, Free On Board, that is, the price at the factory. The FOB is a maritime commercial transaction in which the agreed price includes the cost of the goods until it is loaded on the vessel designated by the purchaser. FRET is the remuneration owed by the charterer, or shipper of goods, for the carriage of goods by a ship, airplane, lorry, or by rail. Casting is the loss of goods due to theft or waste or evaporation. The CAF is the result of a maritime sale, the agreed price of which includes, in addition to the cost of the goods, transport to the port of destination, including insurance, the price of transport (insurance, etc.) and And losses on the sea (evaporation and other leakage due to product displacement). The CIF price is an important aspect of the price structure. When transparency is played out on these aspects, one can believe in an early price truth. But the content and evolutions associated with these terminologies exist only by name in our price structures. This aspect is hidden because the « wizards » of the oil business do not want the populations to know where they are importing. Compared to the so-called « price truth, » the cell that manages oil operates as a sect. The famous commission is making every effort to make pricing as opaque as possible.
It is the oil companies that import and the state follows the fixing of prices « . Thus, when the products are delivered, so that the State is not mistaken, there is a cell for follow-up. So there was an interdepartmental unit for that purpose. But at one point, without warning, the monitoring cell became an importer on the basis of a conflict in the oil industry. The State of Togo is therefore judge and party through the former cell of follow-up became important. The state structure that is so important is housed on the first floor of the Ministry of Commerce. Mr Francis DJAKLY, is the master of the convent. Trained in organic chemistry, he first worked at CIMAO before parachuting to SHELL where he will now find himself the priest of the oil gods. In retirement for years, he manages ‘Sesame’ with his own son. Beside him, another son watches to the grain, the son to Barry Moussa Barque. Thus, while at the beginning Togo had well-known importing poles, for a time almost all the petroleum products consumed in Togo came out of a nebula. The government mainly buys petroleum products from Trafigura, a trader. This « marcketeur » is one of those pinned in toxic mixtures in Togolese waters for the subregion. And yet, in the standards recognized by the World Bank, a country does not buy petroleum products over the counter. It is after an international call for tender that the supplier is designated for all products combined. The opacity is total, there has even come a time when, Mr. Adjakli was arrested by Togolese security services so that he explained himself on the management of his department. The little gods of black gold will tell you that they are bidding for the supply of products. But the big surprise is that it is always the same marker that pulls out the markets, a form of blocked markets, do not seek to know more. In practice, tankers can use » forward purchase », where they buy a certain quantity to be delivered in three months, or they use » the spot market » which is a day-time purchase according to needs. Picture search results for « francis adjakly » ADJAKLY Fioklou Kossi, Port Autonome « moussa barque » picture search results for « moussa barque » Moussa Barque à droite Image Result for « moussa barque » The NGO was unequivocal, « dangerous but not prohibited toxic mixtures are carried out in deep waters on the Togolese coast for 8 African countries and Togo ». Indeed, for years the activity has turned full speed and dozens of boats were still waiting to be served. But beyond this international aspect, it is the Togolese branch of this activity that prompted us to make this investigation. According to our surveys, the traffic of petroleum products from the sea to the Togolese consumer begins at about 20 hours. While it is true that there were vessels regularly docking at the oil dock and deploying their contents legally, it is as true that large quantities of the same products nightly emerge from the sea through the fishing port. Is traffic now totally stopped? There are doubts, but what is certain is that the activity has taken a serious blow since the report of the NGO. The two oil supply channels, whether they are official by the oil or unofficial wharf by deep-water dumping, are unfortunately fed by the network of markers that anchor in the deep Togolese waters. A small part passes through the official channels, another through a real nocturnal contraband between the sea and the mainland. Every destination, and depending on the size of the tankers in operation, there are days when tankers pump tens of thousands of liters into our waters. For the sector that goes out illegally through the fishing port, it is cash-and-carry. The filled tank trucks begin by leaving at around 22 hours in the direction of certain gas stations. In the report Togolese gas stations were cited. While it is not excluded that licit transactions use this channel, the fishing port is the main outlet of tanks which transport to the stations adulterated fuel deposited in the open sea. Meanwhile, a whole unit of dressed bodies track down The small sellers of « boudè » while outside the terrestrial borders, much of this substance fought comes from the sea. When the mixture is done in deep water, the other foreign boats are served to supply 8 countries Of the subregion. The remainder is sold in Togo for domestic consumption. This is the cash and cary.
The Togolese waters did not carry cargo in the direction of the Autonomous Port of Lomé but petroleum products. The Mafia has been going on for years. At one point, the Togolese was making a mistaken interpretation when he sees this ribambelle of boats waiting at our shores. The laypersons thought these floating buildings were waiting in Togo because Togolese waters were the most secure in the subregion. False, they waited to share a slow poison, the fuel to the mixtures out of norms. Once the toxic mixture is finished, the new composition is transferred to other vessels that take their direction. The sources confirmed to us that nobody collects taxes on this international activity in Togo. The complicit lack of understanding of the autonomous port of LoméWhen the activity is maritime, what role did the autonomous port of Lomé? In our inquiries, the following correspondence was sent to the port management. « Is the port aware of Togolese deepwater oil activities? How long has it been since? How many boats have passed through there? Do they pay anything to the port fund, if so, how much? « . But we did not have any follow-up. However, informal sources at the port have informed us that the port does not have control over all vessels that are deeply anchored because it is not the merchant navy that manages the safety of these vessels but rather the base Also known as the naval base. It is therefore this department which is part of the national defense which has the means with the patrollers to exercise the control in deep waters. At first, the port had a little control over their presence. « It is agreed that each vessel pays 1,500,000 FCFA per fortnight of parking on the Togolese waters. If a ship makes a day more than the fortnight, it pays 3,000,000 FCFA and the payment is made at the port checkout. But at one point, what happened there has become more and more a preserve for some and the control of the port is only limited. Better, it has become a large occult market. » There are oil tankers that transport petroleum products from different fuels, gas carriers that carry different kinds of gas, bitumen that transport bitumen. Depending on the final destination of the ship, ie the product it is Called tanker, can be washed in specialized houses to convert to gas, bitumen and vice versa. Those passing over Togolese waters are tankers, or large-capacity tankers that arrive filled and small or medium-sized ships arriving empty and transferring mixtures operated in the tankers. Once the transshipment is complete, they take the destination of other countries. The remainder is poured into Togolese territory through several channels. Almost all the ships that arrive never enter the commercial port of Lomé. It is thanks to the radars and control services that the port arrives to know that this or that type of boat arrived at this or that other date. Thus, the number of boats still waiting varies from one date to the next. From the coast, boats visible in transhipment or awaiting transhipment range from 50 to 100. We have an average of 70 boats and on Friday 29 September 2016 at 21 hours GMT, aerial control of the radar images allowed us to count 70 Tanks and ferries combined, pending. Since the activity lasted, the daily minimum of boats that could be counted was 50. Most of these ships arrive and leave from there without calling the port. It is through maritime listening systems and radar images that the harbor master’s office comes to know that they are there. The risks are enormous for the health of the populations and the immediate danger is present at all times. A ship called « AFRODITE » caught fire in the recent past during a transhipment operation. Fortunately, the flames were quickly controlled and the explosion heard to the coast is not that of a tank, it would have caused an ecological damage as in Côte d’Ivoire. The chiaroscuro side of a trafficL Activity leads to a whole chain of business. When ships leave the countries of origin, shippers call private maritime security agencies in Togo to make arrangements to secure their stay. Since the security agency can not be allowed to have weapons to make security on the sea, it signs a contract with the Togolese army. From there, once a need for security is introduced by a charterer, it in turn expresses the need to the national army which places at its disposal 4 agents per boat.
GILAT. The latter is a special unit in the meantime lifted for the presidential security but after the needs no longer felt on this side. An operation costs 4,000 dollars to the charterer, the security agency pays the army its share and retains its profit. Everything is done under military surveillance. But the military sources we met suggested that their role is the integrity of ships against possible pirates, the content of transhipment is not their concern. At the time when we were gathering this information in the military environment, eleven contracts had already been signed by the Togolese army to private structures for security on the sea. So far, nothing outrageous, because our overlaps in activities The military is responsible for the safety of floating vessels from a certain distance from the mainland. What was paid even for security purposes was only a small menu compared to the unwarranted profits that the traffic itself gained. Who is the direct interlocutor, the sponsor of this sub-regional traffic on the Sea? Just let us know what the ground allows us to disclose. At the moment when we were plunging into the deep waters to gather the information, the unit of measure, the liter of super for example, was trading on the Sea between 150 and 200 FCFA while the same unit sold more than 600 CFA at The pump for the final consumer. Tank trucks waiting at the fishing port are served and headed for service stations. The traffickers fill their pockets, the security guards also have their share of the cake. The choice of agents was very selective, as the mission two or three days at sea, if it was risky, it was also profitable. On returning from the sea, some security agents often exchange the CFA greenbacks in front of the great mosque of the port. But not all agents are housed in the same category. This is how it happens that agents are stationed on a link in the chain without knowing what is going on. The case of this gendarme who, head of his station, locked the entrance to the fishing port to eat in the vicinity while it is 22 hours, fetish hour for traffic. The cisterns line up to exit, but the gates are locked. It was necessary to move earth and sky to find it with the key. The gentleman did not know that there were « marked » tank trucks that had to go in or out. It was an altercation that was not easy to manage between the poor head of post and the rest of the agents apparently initiated. The related activities It is all a black market which comes alive in black nights distilled of lighthouses on the sea And the return trips of small boats which play the role of liaison. By the way, it must be said that supplying the crew with on-board needs is another business that manages small floating craft. Beyond the quantities delivered sometimes they also exchange their services and deliveries of essential products against a few cans of petroleum products. Several lucrative activities are therefore linked to this business. In addition to the private security companies and the army, whose entry is largely insignificant compared to the oil business itself, other delivery companies are very present in the waters at the bedside of the boats. Some are there with very large tugs to stabilize the buildings. They use their tugs to assist boats, with their tusks, that is, the shocks that allow ships to touch themselves without great risk. There is also and above all the very lucrative activity of the supplies. They are the ones who buy crew supplies. It turns out that the crews use or the shipping agencies, shipowners or charterers to launch the food supplies and other parts they need on the mainland. The bunkers in turn rent the small boats and trawlers very present in the zone of the fishing port to go to deliver the order at sea. From boat to boat, in no time, the bunkers deliver their goods to the customers. They make great profits on price ratios and combine them on invoices. A ship’s captain can order 2 million goods for his crew and ask the shippers to charge 5 million and they share the difference. This is only the face of our file. Since the sources of revenue have dried up due to the lack of careful management, the authorities are thinking of the buoyant sectors. It is from Togo that the countries of the hinterland take their oil orders. The refinery tanks must be replaced in their traditional role of sub-regional strategic stock, SHELL is dismissed.
There was a certainty that the next management of the tanks would benefit the ordinary Togolese. The departure of SHELL leaves a double legacy, the management of petrol stations and tanks. Failing to take the oil 15 km from the coast to resell very expensive and reap the profits, it is necessary to increase anarchy even if the barrel continues falling. « Who drank drink », they will not let go of this sector and other surprises arrive.
What are the personalities that hid for a long time behind this deep sub regional crime against Togo? What is the state’s control over the qualities and quantities of products sold at the pump? What does legal metrology look like? What role does the national laboratory play? What are the damages of this consumption of poor quality products on the car fleet?
Abi-Alfa and Count Nalecz-Cichocki
Moussa Barqué à droite